Khenj Mine, Khenj District, Panjshir, Afghanistan

Khenj is the main of Panjshir, it was formed where dolomite marbles and phyllites are crumpled into complex fold and are cut by concordant dikes of Permian-Carboniferous amphibolized gabbro-diorites, which are 60 to 100 m long and 2 to 3 m thick. Emerald mineralization is localized predominantly in these dikes. The emerald formed in small cavities at veinlet intersections in association with ankerite, dolomite, albite, quartz and pyrite. Accessory minerals are tourmaline (schorl and dravite), fuchsite, phlogopite, barite, rutile and parisite. The emerald crystals are rather small, 5 to 15 mm long and 2 to 7 mm thick. Their colour is deep green.

Ref: E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 96

Gemstone List

Copyright © Jolyon & Katya Ralph 1993-2021. Site Map. Locality, gem & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. For more information please contact the . is an online information resource dedicated to providing free gemmological information to all.