One of the most remarkable gem deposits in India, which is famous for magnificent sapphires of intense blue colour with a characteristic "velvet" play, is in the Kashmir part of the Himalaya Mountains.
The main sites from which sapphires are extracted, were discovered in 1881 on the southern slope of the Zaskar Range, near the settlement of Sumjam.
Ref: E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 55
Gem list contains entries from all listed localities in region.
Localities in this Region