Kyauk-sar-taung, Marble Ark, Mogok Township, Pyin-Oo-Lwin District, Mandalay Region, Myanmar

The important gem mines are adjacent to Kolan range.

The rocks are ruby-titanite-diopside marble, graphite-phlogopite marble, diopside marble and others. Rubies are recovered from brecciated zone situated at the fracture between whitish-yellowish marble and diopside marble bands. Rubies are also recovered from gem-bearing lenticular-shaped marble bands, 10 cm to over 2 meters thick, bluish-white with medium to coarse-grained texture. Associated minerals are scapolite, sphene, pyrite and fuchsite. Spinels are found in the spinel-bearing marble. Rubies or spinels have not been found in the phlogopite-bearing marble bands.

Gem mining is performed in typical gwè-dwin scheme. Numerous lebins are also in operation, where ruby, spinel, diopside, scapolite and sphene are recovered from the alluvium.

Ref: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok, p. 232

Gemstone List

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