Mogok Valley, Mogok Township, Pyin-Oo-Lwin District, Mandalay Region, Myanmar

The Mogok Valley, or "Möng kut", meaning "Winding Valley" in the Shan language is the original location where rubies, sapphires and other gemstones were first mined systematically by the Burma Ruby Mines Limited for more than 43 years; thereafter the valley was mined by private concerns, Burmese government-owned companies and lately by joint venture gem companies.

The main valley starts at the foothills of Oak-saung-taung in the east, continuing for about 7 km in the south-western direction, and ending at Haphalar-sho in the west. Nearly all mining activities are situated at the northern side of the Mogôk-Mömeik road ending up to the northern high hills bordering the valley.

There are more than 200 mining plots in the valley floor managed by more than 35 companies. The most important mines are the government-operated Shwe-pyi-aye, Lin-yaung-chi and Nga-yant-inn, all working mainly on the alluvium. Other important mines are Dattaw, Le-U-le-taw and Ohn-bin-ywe-htwet.

Ref: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok, p. 196

Gemstone List

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Gemstones from Mogok Valley, Mogok Township, Pyin-Oo-Lwin District, Mandalay Region, Myanmar by Colour

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Localities in this Region

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