Beryl

Big Photo

AquamarineAquamarine Dreamscape Cut
15.90 carats
© johndyergems.com

The name beryl comes from India and has always been associated with the gemstone. Beryl is praised for its transparency, high hardness, and beautiful colours with wide range of tones and shades.

Several colour varieties of beryl are used as gemstones. Deep green beryls are called emeralds, greenish blue to pure blue - aquamarine, pale, almost colourless - goshenite, light yellow-green to golden-yellow - heliodor, rose and pink beryl is morganite, red variety is bixbite. Maxixe-type beryl is characterized by a bright blue colour which fades in the sunlight.

The crystals are prismatic, they may be very large, even gigantic and in pegmatites may reach lengths of 2 to 3 m and widths of 0.5 to 1 m.

Beryl Gemstones by Colour

This table shows the variety of hues this gemstone can be found in. Click on a photo for more information.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Beryl Gemstones by Size

This table shows distribution of Beryl gemstone sizes that are listed on this site. This can give a good indication as to the general availability of this gemstone in different sizes.
Contributed photos
Lightest:0.10 cts
Heaviest:115.66 cts
Average:7.84 cts
Total photos:304
Do you have a larger Beryl? Why not upload a photo?
Significant stones
Papamel552,500 cts
Marta Rocha173,500 cts
Quarto Centario110,000 cts
Esterela de Alve96,000 cts
Dom Pedro aquamarine10,363 cts
0.10ct to 11.66ct11.66ct to 23.21ct23.21ct to 34.77ct34.77ct to 46.32ct46.32ct to 57.88ct57.88ct to 69.44ct69.44ct to 80.99ct80.99ct to 92.55ct92.55ct to 104.10ct104.10ct to 115.66ct
General Information
Varieties/Types:
Aquamarine - Blue/green variety of beryl.
Blue Beryl (Maxixe) - Deep blue beryl.
Emerald - Deep green variety of a beryl.
Goshenite - Colorless variety of beryl.
Heliodor - Yellow variety of beryl.
Morganite - Pink variety of beryl.
Red Beryl - A red gem variety of beryl, also known as 'bixbite',
Riesling Beryl - A strongly dichroic (pale green / golden yellow) beryl.
Vorobyevite - A caesium-bearing variety of beryl.
Chemical Formula
Be
 
3
Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
18
Ulrich Henn and Claudio C. Milisenda, Gemmological Tables (2004)
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Significant stones
ImageNameWeightCountry of OriginCurrent Owner
Papamel552,500.00 ctsBrazil
Marta Rocha173,500.00 ctsBrazil
Quarto Centario110,000.00 ctsBrazil
Esterela de Alve96,000.00 ctsBrazil
Dom Pedro aquamarine10,363.00 ctsBrazilSmithsonian Institution
Mogul Emerald217.80 ctsColombiaUnidentified Private Owner
Hooker emerald75.47 ctsColombia
Chalk Emerald37.80 ctsColombiaSmithsonian Institution
Click here to view all significant Beryl gemstones
Photos of natural/un-cut material from mindat.org
Beryl Treatments
Colourless, yellow-green, and pale beryls can be transformed into blue and dark blue aquamarines and bright blue maxixe-type beryls by heat treatment or irradiation by X-rays, gamma-rays, electrons, and by combining heat treatment and irradiation. - E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 72
Synthetic Beryl
Beryl can be synthesized by such methods as: flux-fusion process (fluxing), hydrothermal process, gas transport reaction, and others. Mostly emerald is produced for commercial jewellery purposes. Synthesis of aquamarine and other gem varieties is considered commercially unprofitable (it is technically easier and cheaper to imitate them with synthetic corundum).
A synthetic material, beryllium indialite, which is a structural analogue of beryl, and glasses of the same composition, which are easily synthesized, are promising for use as raw cutting material. - E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 72
Physical Properties of Beryl
Mohs Hardness7.5 to 8
Herve Nicolas Lazzarelli, Blue Chart Gem Identification (2010)
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Specific Gravity2.60 to 2.90
Herve Nicolas Lazzarelli, Blue Chart Gem Identification (2010)
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Cleavage QualityIndistinct
Arthur Thomas, Gemstones (2009)
FractureUneven,Conchoidal
Eugenii Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems (2003)
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Optical Properties of Beryl
Refractive Index1.560 to 1.604
Herve Nicolas Lazzarelli, Blue Chart Gem Identification (2010)
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Optical CharacterUniaxial/-
Herve Nicolas Lazzarelli, Blue Chart Gem Identification (2010)
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Birefringence0.003 to 0.010
Herve Nicolas Lazzarelli, Blue Chart Gem Identification (2010)
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PleochroismRed beryl - distinct: (orangy)-red - purplish-red; Golden beryl - weak: yellowish - greenish-yellow; Green beryl - distinct: yellow-green - blue-green
Herve Nicolas Lazzarelli, Blue Chart Gem Identification (2010)
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Dispersion0.014
Michael O’Donoghue, Gems, Sixth Edition (2006)
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ChatoyancyStar: may show brownish to black body color, "colorless" when viewed from the side
Herve Nicolas Lazzarelli, Blue Chart Gem Identification (2010)
Colour
Colour (General)Colourless, green, blue, yellow, yellow-green, pink, red
Ulrich Henn and Claudio C. Milisenda, Gemmological Tables (2004)
More from other references
Causes of ColourDark blue (Maxixe and Maxixe type), CO3(Maxixe-type), and NO3 (Maxixe) color centers due to irradiation. Light blue (aquamarine), Fe2+ in the channels of the structure. Darker blue (aquamarine), Fe2+-O-Fe3+ intervalence charge transfer. Green: yellow + blue, O2Fe2 charge transfer and Fe2+ in the channels. Green (emerald, mint beryl), Cr3+ and/or V3+ in octahedral coordination. Red, Mn3+ in octahedral coordination. Pink (morganite), Mn2+ in octahedral coordination
W. William Hanneman, Pragmatic Spectroscopy For Gemologists (2011)
TransparencyTransparent,Translucent
Ulrich Henn and Claudio C. Milisenda, Gemmological Tables (2004)
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LustreVitreous
Arthur Thomas, Gemstones (2009)
Crystallography of Beryl
Crystal SystemHexagonal
Herve Nicolas Lazzarelli, Blue Chart Gem Identification (2010)
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HabitPrismatic
Arthur Thomas, Gemstones (2009)
Geological Environment
Where found:Beryl minerals occur in granites and granite pegmatites, in mafic metamorphic rocks and in high-temperature hydrothermal veins and in vugs in rhyolite.
Michael O’Donoghue, Gems, Sixth Edition (2006)
Spectrographic Data
Calculated Spectra:
Click spectra for more information
Emerald - Locality: Synthetic
Emerald - Locality: Synthetic (manufactured in China)
Emerald - Locality: Muzo, Colombia
Inclusions in Beryl
Planes of tiny 2 phase inclusions - Blue Chart Gem Identification, Herve Nicolas Lazzarelli, 2010, p 6
Pyrite inclusion in emerald
Inclusions:Pyrite
Large pyrite inclusion, 3 mm, in a emerald beryl from Boyacá, Colombia. Octahedron dominant form. Private collection in Zaragoza (Spain).
Pyrite inclusion in emerald
Inclusions:Pyrite
Large pyrite inclusion, 3 mm, in a emerald beryl from Boyacá, Colombia. Octahedron dominant form. Private collection in Zaragoza (Spain).
Pyrite inclusion in emerald
Inclusions:Pyrite
Large pyrite inclusion, 3 mm, in a faceted emerald beryl, mounted in a platinum and diamonds ring. Octahedron dominant form. Private collection in Zaragoza (Spain).
Further Information
Mineral information:Beryl information at mindat.org
Significant Gem Localities
Afghanistan
 
  • Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province)
    • Jurm District
[var: Emerald] Schwarz and Giuliani (2002c); Kalukiewicz (2005)
      • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
[var: Heliodor] Glas (2002)
    • Chapa Dara District
[var: Aquamarine] Glas (2002)
    • Narang District
[var: Emerald]
  • Laghman Province (Lagman Province; Nuristan)
    • Dawlat Shah District
[var: Emerald] Laurs (2001)
  • Nangarhar Province (Ningarhar Province)
    • Surkh Rod District
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet et al. (1997)
  • Nuristan Province (Nurestan Province; Nooristan Province; Nuristan)
    • Du Ab District
      • Nilaw-Kolum pegmatite field
E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 110
[var: Aquamarine] Glas (2002)
    • Kamdesh District
[var: Aquamarine] Glas (2002)
    • Nurgaram District
[var: Emerald] Laurs (2001)
[var: Emerald] Laurs (2001)
[var: Emerald] E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 96
    • Bazarak District
[var: Emerald] Bowersox et al. (1991), Bowersox and Chamberlin (1995)
[var: Emerald] Bowersox et al. (1991), Bowersox and Chamberlin (1995)
[var: Emerald] Sachanbinski et al. (2003), Fijal et al. (2004), Pardieu and Soubiraa (2006a)
[var: Emerald] Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
[var: Emerald] Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
[var: Emerald] E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 96
    • Khinj District
[var: Emerald] Bowersox et al. (1991), Bowersox and Chamberlin (1995)
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Clive Co.
      • Torrington
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 26
    • Gough Co.
      • Emmaville (Vegetable Creek)
[var: Emerald] E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 96
  • Western Australia
    • Cue Shire
      • Poona
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 26
[var: Emerald] E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 94
      • Riverina Station
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 26
    • Port Hedland Shire
      • Abydos Station
        • Wodgina
[var: Emerald] Wilson (1995), Henry (2005), Sutherland (2006)
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felben valley
[var: Emerald]
      • Habach Valley
        • Nasenkopf
          • Leckbachgraben (Leckbachrinne)
[var: Emerald] A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
      • Untersulzbach valley
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
[var: Emerald] Couto (2000)
[var: Emerald] E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 95
[var: Emerald] E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 90
    • Brumado (Bom Jesus dos Meiras)
      • Serra das Éguas
[var: Emerald] Rob Lavinsky.
[var: Emerald] Schwarz et al. (1990), Couto (2000)
    • Campo Formoso ultramafic complex
      • Campo Formoso
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
      • Pindobaçu
[var: Emerald] Couto (2000)
[var: Emerald] E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 91
[var: Emerald] E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 91
[var: Aquamarine] Couto (2000)
    • Pilão Arcado
[var: Emerald] Couto (2000)
  • Ceará
    • Tauá
[var: Emerald] Schwarz et al. (1990), Couto (2000)
  • Espírito Santo
    • Mimoso do Sul
[var: Aquamarine] Menezes (2005)
[var: Aquamarine] Menezes (2005)
    • Muqui
[var: Aquamarine] Cassedanne and Alves (1994)
  • Goiás
[var: Emerald] E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 90
    • Pirenópolis
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
    • Porangatu
[var: Emerald] E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 92
[var: Emerald] E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 91
      • Campos Verdes
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
  • Minas Gerais
    • Antônio Dias
      • Hematita
[var: Emerald] Kanis (2001, 2002); Levinson et al. (2001)
    • Caraí
[var: Aquamarine] Kievlenko E.Ya., Geology of gems, 2003, p. 113
[var: Aquamarine] Cassedanne and Alves (1994)
E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 113
    • Coronel Murta
      • Barra do Salinas
[var: Aquamarine] Cassedanne and Alves (1994)
[var: Morganite] Milisenda and Bank (2005)
    • Galiléia
      • Sapucaia do Norte
[var: Heliodor] Cassedanne and Alves (1994)
[var: Morganite] Kievlenko E.Ya., Geology of gems, 2003, p. 113
[var: Aquamarine] E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 113
      • Golconda district
[var: Aquamarine] Kievlenko E.Ya., Geology of gems, 2003, p. 113
    • Iron Quadrangle
      • Itabira
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 35
[var: Emerald] Kanis (2001, 2002); Levinson et al. (2001); Mossman (2001); Preinfalk et al. (2002); Rondeau et al. (2003)
      • Nova Era
[var: Emerald] Kanis (2001, 2002); Levinson et al. (2001); Mossman (2001); Preinfalk et al. (2002); Rondeau et al. (2003)
[var: Emerald] Kanis (2001, 2002); Levinson et al. (2001); Mossman (2001); Preinfalk et al. (2002); Rondeau et al. (2003)
    • Itinga
      • Monte Belo
[var: Heliodor] Kievlenko E.Ya., Geology of gems, 2003, p. 113
      • Taquaral
        • Piauí Valley
[Aquamarine var: Blue Beryl (Maxixe)] Kievlenko E.Ya., Geology of gems, 2003, p. 113
    • Mucuri valley
      • Catuji
[var: Aquamarine] Menezes (2005)
[var: Aquamarine] Menezes (2005)
    • Padre Paraíso
[var: Aquamarine] Cassedanne and Alves (1994)
[var: Aquamarine] Cassedanne and Alves (1994)
[var: Aquamarine] Cassedanne and Alves (1994)
[var: Aquamarine] Viana et al. (2002)
    • Santa Maria de Itabira
[var: Aquamarine] Cassedanne and Alves (1994)
[var: Aquamarine] Laurs (2004)
E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 113
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Junco do Seridó
[var: Aquamarine] Kievlenko E.Ya., Geology of gems, 2003, p. 113
      • Pedra Lavrada
[var: Aquamarine] R. Wegner and O. Moura (2000)
  • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Borborema mineral province
[var: Aquamarine] Bhaskara-Rao (2002)
[var: Emerald] Miisenda (2007)
  • Tocantins
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 35
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Atlin Mining Division
      • Bennett
[var: Aquamarine] Groat (2005), Wilson (2007)
  • Northwest Territories
    • Tungsten
[var: Emerald] Marshall et al. (2004), Groat et al. (2008)
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Brownridge Township
[var: Emerald] Groat, L.A., Giuliani, G., Marshall, D.D., and Turner, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 87-112.
[var: Emerald] Marshall et al. (2004), Groat et al. (2008)
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake Mining District
[var: Aquamarine] Groat (2005), Turner et al. (2007)
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 33
China
 
  • Sichuan Province
    • Mianyang Prefecture
      • Pingwu Co.
        • Mt Xuebaoding
          • Huya township
[var: Aquamarine] Liu (2005)
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Kashi Prefecture (Kashgar Prefecture; Qeshqer Prefecture)
      • Tashiku'ergan Co. (Taxkorgan Co.; Tashqurqan Co.)
[var: Emerald] Blauwet et al. (2006), Michelou and Pardieu (2009), Schwarz and Pardieu (2009)
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
          • Koktokay pegmatite field (Keketuohai pegmatite field)
            • Altay Mine
[var: Aquamarine] Tang et al. (2004), Liu (2005), Li (2009)
  • Yunnan Province
    • Nujiang Autonomous Prefecture
[var: Aquamarine] Marshall et al. (2009)
    • Wenshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Malipo Co.
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 26
Colombia
 
[var: Emerald]
    • Guavió-Guatéque Mining District
      • Mun. de Chivor
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
    • Vasquez-Yacopí Mining District
      • Mun. de Maripí
        • La Pita
[var: Emerald] Johnson et al. (2000), Michelou (2001, 2005, 2006), Boehm (2002), Fritsch et al. (2002), Vuillet et al. (2002), Campos-Alvarez and Roser (2007)
[var: Emerald] Johnson et al. (2000), Michelou (2001, 2005, 2006), Boehm (2002), Fritsch et al. (2002), Vuillet et al. (2002), Campos-Alvarez and Roser (2007)
      • Mun. de Muzo
[var: Emerald] Banks, D.A., Giuliani, G., Yardley, B.W.D., and Cheilletz, A. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 699-713.
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp36-45
[var: Emerald] Min.Rec.:20(5):394.
[var: Emerald] Banks, D.A., Giuliani, G., Yardley, B.W.D., and Cheilletz, A. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 699-713.
[var: Emerald] Banks, D.A., Giuliani, G., Yardley, B.W.D., and Cheilletz, A. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 699-713.
      • Mun. de Otanche
        • La Glorieta
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 33
      • Mun. de San Pablo de Borbur
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 33
  • Cundinamarca Department
    • Guavió-Guatéque Mining District
[var: Emerald] Giuliani et al. (1990,1995,2000), Bosshart (1991), Schwarz (1991,1992) Branquet et al. (1999)
      • Mun. de Ubalá
[var: Emerald] Giuliani et al. (1990,1995,2000), Bosshart (1991), Schwarz (1991,1992) Branquet et al. (1999)
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
    • Eastern Desert
      • Sikait-Zabara region
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Finland
 
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Luumäki
      • Kännätsalo
[var: Aquamarine] Lyckberg (2004, 2005), Wise (2005)
India
[var: Emerald]  
  • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
    • Ajmer Division
      • Ajmer District
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p.25
[var: Emerald]
  • Tamil Nadu
[var: Aquamarine] Boehm (2000), Michelou (2006)
    • Salem District
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 26
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Vigezzo Valley
          • Trontano
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 29
Kazakhstan
 
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
[var: Emerald]
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Akchatau (Aqshatau; Akschatau; Akchataul; Akshatau)
[var: Aquamarine] Spiridonov (1998)
  • Kostanay Province (Qostanay Oblysy; Kostanai Oblast')
Kenya
 
  • Eastern Province
[var: Aquamarine] Cairncross (2005)
Madagascar
[var: Aquamarine] E.Ya. Kievlenko ( 2003) Geology of gems, p. 112
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Analamanga Region
      • Anjozorobe District
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 44
      • Ankazobe District
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 44
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 44
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 44
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 44
Madagascar, extraLapis, English No.1, 2001, p. 44
    • Vakinankaratra Region
      • Betafo District
        • Ambohimanambola Commune
Pezzotta (2001), Danet (2007)
[var: Aquamarine] Pezzotta (2001), Danet |(2007)
[var: Aquamarine] E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 112
Pezzotta (2001), Danet (2007)
      • Sahatany Pegmatite Field (Mt Ibity area)
        • Sahatany Valley
[var: Morganite] E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 111
E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 110
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 50
  • Antsiranana Province
    • Sava Region (Northeastern Region)
      • Andapa District
Pezzotta (2001)
[var: Aquamarine]
      • Vohémar District
Madagascar - extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 41
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 42
[var: Heliodor] Laurs and Quinn (2002)
    • Amoron'i Mania Region
      • Ambatofinandrahana District
        • Mandrosonoro Commune
          • Ambatovita
[var: Aquamarine] Laurs and Quinn (2002)
    • Atsimo-Atsinanana Region
Laurs and Quinn (2002)
Laurs and Quinn (2002)
    • Horombe Region
      • Ihosy District
        • Ilakaka Commune
Madagascar - extraLapis English No.1, p. 92
    • Matsiatra Region
      • Ampandramaika-Malakialina Pegmatite Field
        • Ikalamavony District
          • Fitampito Commune
            • Andanoa
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 62
      • Ikalamavony Pegmatite Field
        • Ikalamavony District
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 61
    • Vatovavy-Fitovinany Region
      • Mananjary District
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
          • North Zone
[var: Emerald] Henn and Milisenda (2001)
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 28
          • South Zone
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 28
[var: Emerald] Vapnik et al. (2006)
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
[var: Emerald] E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 89
  • Mahajanga Province (Majunga)
    • Betsiboka Region
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 42
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 43
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 44
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 43
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 42
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 42
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 42
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 42
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 42
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 42
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 42
    • Sofia Region
      • Bealanana District
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 42
  • Toamasina Province (Tamatave)
    • Alaotra-Mangoro Region
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 46
      • Lac Alaotra (Lake Alaotra)
Madagascar, extraLapis English No.1, 2001, p. 47
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
    • Southwestern Region
      • Benenitra District
        • Ianapera Commune
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp 52-59
Mozambique
 
  • Zambezia Province
[var: Emerald]
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 28
      • Mocuba District
[var: Aquamarine] Schafer and Arlt (2000), Schappmann (2005), Cairncross (2005)
[var: Aquamarine] Schafer and Arlt (2000), Schappmann (2005), Cairncross (2005)
[var: Aquamarine] Schafer and Arlt (2000), Schappmann (2005), Cairncross (2005)
J. Marques (2009)
Bettencourt-Dias and Wilson (2000)
Bettencourt-Dias and Wilson (2000)
[var: Emerald] Bettencourt-Dias and Wilson (2000)
    • Gilé District
      • Gilé
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 28
    • Uape
[var: Emerald] Schappmann (2005)
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region (Mandalay Division)
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
      • Mogok Township
        • Bernardmyo
[var: Aquamarine] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
[var: Aquamarine] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Chaung-gyi
[var: Aquamarine] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
[var: Aquamarine] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Kin (Guard Post)
[var: Aquamarine] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Kyatpyin North
[var: Aquamarine] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
[var: Aquamarine] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Kyauk-Pyat-That
[var: Aquamarine] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
[var: Aquamarine] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
[var: Aquamarine] Kyi et al. (2005), Hlaing (2009)
[var: Aquamarine] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Mogok Valley
          • Dattaw-taung (Dattaw hill)
[var: Aquamarine] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
[var: Aquamarine] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Pein-Pyit (Painpyit; Pyan Pyit)
[var: Aquamarine] Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
    • Yamethin District
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
  • Shan State
    • Kyaukme District
      • Momeik Township
[var: Aquamarine] Kyi et al. (2005)
          • Khetchel village (Cache village; Khat Che village)
[var: Aquamarine] Kyi et al. (2005)
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
[var: Aquamarine] Jahn (2000), Jahn and Bahmann (2000)
    • Karibib District
      • Spitzkopje Area
[var: Aquamarine] Jahn (2000), Jahn and Bahmann (2000), Glas (2002)
[var: Aquamarine] Jahn (2000), Jahn and Bahmann (2000), Glas (2002), Laurs (2002)
      • Usakos
[var: Aquamarine] Cairncross et al (1998)
    • Swakopmund District
      • Arandis
        • Rössing Mountains Area
[var: Heliodor] Glas (2002), Laurs (2002)
  • Hardap Region
    • Maltahöhe District
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 28
Nepal
 
  • Kosi Zone (Koshi Zone)
    • Sankhuwasabha District (Sankhuwa Sahba; Shankuwa-Sava)
[var: Aquamarine]
Nigeria
 
  • Kaduna State
[var: Aquamarine] Kammerling et al. (1995)
    • Nandu Village
[var: Emerald] Vapnik and Moroz (2000)
  • Nassarawa State (Nasarawa State)
[var: Aquamarine] J. Micheou (2009)
  • Plateau State
[var: Aquamarine] Lind et al. (1986)
    • Nanarawa Eggon
[var: Aquamarine] Kammerling et al. (1995)
Norway
 
  • Akershus
    • Eidsvoll (Eidsvold)
      • Minnesund
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 30
Pakistan
 
  • Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
    • Bajaur Agency
[var: Emerald] E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 97
    • Mohmand Agency
      • Warsak (Warzak)
        • Ganadao (Gandahab; Ghandahab valley)
[var: Emerald] E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 97
  • Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas)
    • Astor District (Astore District)
      • Astor valley (Astore valley)
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
    • Baltistan
      • Skardu District
[var: Aquamarine] Hammer and Muhammad (2004)
[var: Aquamarine] Hammer (2003, 2004)
[var: Aquamarine] Hammer (2003, 2004)
[var: Emerald] Hammer (2004)
        • Braldu Valley
[var: Aquamarine] Hammer and Muhammad (2004)
[var: Aquamarine] Hammer and Muhammad (2004)
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet (2004)
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
        • Haramosh Mts.
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
        • Shigar Valley
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
    • Diamar District (Diamir District)
      • Chilas
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
    • Gilgit District
      • Haramosh Mts.
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 24
      • Hunza Valley
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
[var: Aquamarine] Blauwet and Muhammad (2004)
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North-West Frontier Province)
    • Chitral District (Chitral Valley)
      • Lutkho Valley
[var: Aquamarine] Khan (1986)
    • Swat District (Swat Valley)
[var: Emerald] Arif et al. (1996), Aboosally (1999)
[var: Emerald] Arif et al. (1996), Aboosally (1999)
[var: Emerald] Econ Geol (1986) 81:2022-2028
[var: Emerald] Econ Geol (1986) 81:2022-2028
[var: Emerald] Econ Geol (1986) 81:2022-2028
[var: Emerald] Econ Geol (1986) 81:2022-2028
[var: Emerald] Arif et al. (1996), Aboosally (1999)
Peru
 
  • Junín Department
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Kazachinsko-Leninsky district
E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 114
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
        • Krasnyi Chikoy
[var: Morganite] Badanina et al. (2008)
        • Nerchinsk (Nertschinsk)
          • Nerchinsk Gem mines
E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 109
[var: Aquamarine] P. Lyckberg (2005)
[var: Aquamarine] Hochleitner (2005)
E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 116
[var: Aquamarine] E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 116
[var: Aquamarine] Ref: E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 116
[var: Aquamarine] P. Lyckberg (2005)
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 109
E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 109
[var: Emerald]
E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 109
[var: Emerald]
[var: Emerald]
[var: Emerald]
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Malyshevo
[var: Emerald] http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country/1994/9434094.pdf; Dan Weinrich
[var: Emerald]
[var: Emerald]
[var: Emerald]
[var: Emerald] Dan Weinrich
[var: Emerald]
[var: Emerald]
[var: Emerald]
[var: Emerald]
[var: Emerald]
[var: Emerald]
        • Sarapulka District (Murzinka)
[var: Emerald]
[var: Heliodor] Emlin (1996)
        • Yuzhakovo Village
E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 108
[var: Aquamarine] P. Lyckberg (2009)
[var: Aquamarine]
E.Ya. Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 108
Somaliland
 
  • Awdal
    • Borama District
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 29
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Mopani District
[var: Emerald] E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 89
    • Murchison Range
      • Gravelotte
[var: Emerald]
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 28
Spain
 
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • A Cañiza
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 30
Sri Lanka
 
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
[var: Aquamarine] Dissanayake et al. (2000)
No reference listed
[var: Aquamarine] Econ Geol (1981) 76:733-738
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Mukhtori Gorno-Badakhshan (Viloyati Badakhshoni Kuni)
    • Pamir Mts
      • Rangkul' Highlands
[var: Aquamarine] Skrigitil (1996)
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha Region
    • Dumbawanga District
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp52-59
[var: Emerald]
[var: Emerald] Bank (1986) Emerald deposits in Africa, Goldschmiede und Uhrmacher Zeitung, Vol. 84, No. 9, pp. 161-163
  • Rukwa Region
    • Sumbawanga District
[var: Emerald] Dirlam et al. (1992)
Ukraine
 
  • Zaporozhskaya Oblast' (Zaporiz'ka; Zaporozh'e)
    • Priazovie
  • Zhytomyr Oblast' (Zhitomir Oblast')
[var: Aquamarine] Koivula et al. (1993), Lyckberg (2005)
USA
 
  • California
    • San Diego Co.
      • Mesa Grande District
        • Gem Hill
[var: Morganite] Rocks & Min.:63:21.
[var: Aquamarine] Mauthner (2008)
      • Pala District
        • Pala
          • Chief Mountain
[var: Morganite] Sinkankas (1997)
[var: Aquamarine] Sinkankas (1997)
Osborn, P. (2005) Personal communication between Phillip Osborn of Hemet and Scott L. Ritchie of Temecula, California; description of beryl discovery on southwestern most Oceanview lode exposure; March.
          • Hiriart Mountain (Hariat Mtn; Harriot Mtn; Heriart Mtn; Heriot Mtn; Hiriat Hill)
Sinkankas (1997)
      • Ramona District
        • Ramona
[var: Goshenite] mindat.org
  • Colorado
    • Chaffee Co.
[var: Aquamarine] Potucek (2005)
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
[var: Aquamarine] Jarnot (2005)
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Buckfield
[var: Aquamarine] Sinkankas (1997)
      • Paris
[var: Morganite] Potucek (2005)
[var: Aquamarine] Potucek (2005)
    • Sagadahoc Co.
[var: Aquamarine]
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Alstead
[var: Aquamarine] Wise (2005)
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
[var: Aquamarine] Wise (2005)
[var: Heliodor] Wise (2005)
  • New Mexico
    • Sierra Co.
      • Paramount Canyon
[var: Red Beryl] http://www.agmc.info/nm_mineral_locations.htm#Paramount%20Canyon,%20Sierra%20Co.,%20New%20Mexico
      • Taylor Creek Tin District (Black Range Tin District)
[var: Red Beryl] Northrup, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
  • North Carolina
    • Alexander Co.
[var: Emerald] E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 77
      • Hiddenite
[var: Emerald] Rocks & Min.:60:84.
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 33
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Shelby
        • (Tarper Mine)
          • Old Plantation Mine
[var: Aquamarine]
    • Mitchell Co.
      • Spruce Pine District
[var: Emerald]
        • Spruce Pine
[var: Emerald] Rocks & Min.:60:92.
  • Utah
    • Beaver Co.
      • Wah Wah Mts
[var: Red Beryl] L. Ream (1979) Famous Mineral Localities: The Thomas Range, Wah Wah Mountains, and Vicinity, Western Utah. Mineralogical Record 10:261-278; Van King
    • Juab Co.
      • Thomas Range
[var: Red Beryl] Am Min 19:82-88; Bowling, R. (2011) Topaz from Utsh's Maynard Mine Extra Lapis English 14:22-25
[var: Red Beryl] Van King
[var: Red Beryl] Christian Bracke Collection
        • Topaz Mountain
[var: Red Beryl] J. Holfert, W. Mroch, J. Fuller (1996) A Field Guide to Topaz and Associated Minerals of the Thomas Range, Utah (Topaz Mountain) Vol I HM Publishing 103pp
[var: Red Beryl] A Field Guide to Topaz and Associated Minerals of the Thomas Range, Utah- John Holfert et al, 1996
    • Tooele Co.
      • Spring Creek
[var: Aquamarine] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Vietnam
 
[var: Aquamarine] Michelou (2006)
Zambia
 
  • Copperbelt Province
    • Ndola District
      • Ndola
[var: Emerald]
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp52-59
[var: Emerald] Milisenda C.C., Malango V., Taupitz K.C. (1999) Edelsteine aus Sambia - Teil 1: Smaragd. Gem: Z. Dt. Gemmol. Ges., Vol. 48, No. 1, pp. 9-28
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 29
[var: Emerald]
  • Eastern Province
    • Chipata District
      • Lukusuzi National Park
[var: Aquamarine] Mambwe and Sikatali (1994)
[var: Aquamarine] Milisenda et al. (2000), Carranza et al. (2005)
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland East
    • Mutoko District (Mtoko District)
[var: Aquamarine] Cairncross (2005)
  • Mashonaland West
Shmakin and Wedepohl (1999), Milisenda et al. (2000)
[var: Heliodor] Milisenda et al. (2000), Cairncross (2005), Wise (2005)
[var: Aquamarine] Milisenda et al. (2000), Cairncross (2005)
[var: Aquamarine] Milisenda et al. (2000), Cairncross (2005)
  • Masvingo
    • Bikita Area
[var: Emerald] Zwaan and Touret (2000); Zwaan et al. (2004); Zwaan (2006)
    • Masvingo (Fort Victoria)
[var: Emerald] Zwaan and Touret (2000); Zwaan et al. (2004); Zwaan (2006)
[var: Emerald] Zwaan and Touret (2000); Zwaan et al. (2004); Zwaan (2006)
  • Matabeleland South
    • Gwanda - Filabusi District
      • Filabusi (Filibusi)
[var: Emerald] E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 89
[var: Emerald] E.Ya.Kievlenko, Geology of gems, 2003, p. 89
    • Mweza Range (Wedja)
      • Sandawana-Belingwe District
[var: Emerald] Emeralds of the World - extraLapis English No.2 (2002) p. 29
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